Judge Kelly’s opinion in Missouri St. Conf. NAACP v. Ferguson-Florissant Sch. Dist. affirms the district court’s decision that the school district’s at-large elections violate Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act. The Eighth Circuit concludes that African American voters can make a Section 2 claim even if they’re a numerical majority of the voting age population (pp. 7-9). It also affirms the district court’s conclusion that plaintiffs had proven white bloc voting, including its finding that “special circumstances” in 2014 and 2015 explain black-preferred candidates success in those years (pp. 11-16).