William Josephson has posted this draft on SSRN. Here is the abstract:
How to elect the President was the second most debated issue at the 1787 constitutional convention. The last moment Electoral College compromise between congressional election of the President and popular vote reflected the states’ sovereignty in a federal system of limited national government and of plenary power state governments, except as the Constitution limited state powers.
The NY Times’s Electoral College solution, at least since 2006, is National Popular Vote (NPV). It adheres to it despite the NPV’s vital flaws, which I am about to describe in (excruciating) detail.